SOBEL, JACOB ẒEVI (James H. Soble; 1831–1913), U.S. Hebrew writer. Born in Lithuania, Sobel was ordained as rabbi and headed a yeshivah, but, influenced by the Haskalah, broke with orthodoxy, and criticized it in his Ha-Ḥozeh Ḥezyonot be-Arba'ah Olamot (1872). In 1876 he arrived in New York, and later moved to Chicago where he earned his living as a Hebrew teacher. He contributed to Hebrew periodicals in Russia and the United States but also wrote for the Yiddish and American press. Some of his satire he directed against gershon rosenzweig and signed with the pseudonym "Binocle." His Shir Zahav li-Khevod Yisrael ha-Zaken (1877), although of slight literary merit, is historically significant as the first book of Hebrew poetry published in the United States. A paean to Jewry, Hebrew language, and American democracy, it also condemns the ignorance and spiritual emptiness of Jewish immigrants. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Malachi, in: Sefer ha-Shanah li-Yhudei Amerikah (1935), 303–9; J. Kabakoff, Ḥaluẓei ha-Sifrut ha-Ivrit ba-Amerikah (1966), 23–75. (Eisig Silberschlag)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • KABAKOFF, JACOB — (1918– ), U.S. educator and scholar. Born in New York, Kabakoff earned a diploma from the Teachers Institute of Yeshiva University in 1935 and a B.A. from the same institution in 1938. He was ordained a rabbi and awarded an M.H.L. from the Jewish …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SPORTS — There is no evidence of sports among the Jews during the obscure period between the close of the Bible and the Maccabean periods. At the beginning of this latter period, in the second century B.C.E., circumstances conspired to make sporting… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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